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Referencing with APA: Welcome

More Referencing Help

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More referencing information can be found in the following LibGuides:

You can also find guides for the following referencing software:

APA Publication Manual

A guide on the sixth edition of the APA style is freely available on the web. It gives you an overview on the APA style.

APA 6 manual



The examples in this guide have been adapted from that produced by Sue Stevens and Alex Jubb at the University of Birmingham. This content is available under a CC-BY-NC-SA license.

About this guide

Picture of apple keyboard with 'credit' in place of 'enter'

During the course of writing an essay, report, or other assignment it is usual to support arguments by referring to, or citing, information produced by other authors. This information could be from:

  •  journals.
  • newspaper articles.
  •  government reports.
  • books or specific chapters of books.
  • research dissertations or theses.
  • material over the internet
  • and more!

 When you cite someone's work in the text of your essay (an in-text citation), you also need to create a full reference for it at the end of your work. This gives the full details for the information source so that it can be traced by anyone who reads your work.

This guide provides instructions and over 150 examples using the APA  (American Psychological Association) referencing style. devised in 1929. The APA is now in its 6th edition  To find out how to cite and reference resources, you can use the A-Z on each page or the full page listing which includes links to all examples. This guide provides instructions on which elements of a resource you need to use to create APA citations and references in an academic work.

Important:  You are advised to check with your tutor which referencing style s/he wants you to use in your academic work.

Links to related IOE LibGuides are listed below:

You can also find guides for the following referencing software:

APA on Twitter