At the time of reading a source, record all of the bibliographic information (descriptive elements) necessary to create a citation. You can either use referencing software or record manually. It is vital to be accurate and clear at this stage to save time later on.
The you should record:
It’s important to keep track of sources you want to cite later. There are few different ways you can keep track of sources, including:
We suggest you use a referencing software. It can save you a lot of time when writing your paper and can make it easier to keep track of large numbers of resources. We provide LibGuides on Endnote, Mendeley and Zotero as well as regular training sessions.
Construct your citations within the text of your essay using the appropriate guidelines for the citation style you are using.
The styles most commonly used at the IOE are Harvard and APA.
Tip! Check your programme handbook to verify which citation style you are expected to use.
You are expected to use in-text citations and create a list of references at the end of your essay or paper.
Be sure to balance your use of direct quotations, paraphrasing and summarising.
Tip! The difference between a reference list and bibliography is as follows: a bibliography also provides a detailed list of references but it also includes readings you may have consulted and not cited. It is therefore a larger group of works than a reference list. Sometimes this list will be annotated to tell the reader why the author considers the work worthy to be in the bibliography. This is an annotated bibliography.