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Referencing with Harvard: Personal communication

Personal Communication

To be made up of:

  • Sender/speaker/author.
  • Year of communication (in round brackets).
  • Medium of communication.
  • Receiver of communication.
  • Day/month of communication.

In-text citation:

This was disputed by Smith (2012).

Reference list:

Smith, D. (2012). Conversation with Steven Jones, 13 August.

Smith, D. (2012). Letter to Steven Jones, 23 January.

Smith, D. (2012). Email to Steven Jones, 14 August.

Smith, D. (2012). Telephone conversation with Steven Jones, 25 December.

Smith, D. (2012). Skype conversation with Steven Jones, 21 June.

Smith, D. (2012). Text message to Steven Jones, 14 June.

Smith, D. (2012). Fax to Steven Jones, 17 December. 

Referencing Guides

Picture of a dictionary page with the word reference circled 

More referencing information can be found in IOE LibGuides: